Mount Bromo Tengger Semeru
Mount Bromo Tengger Semeru

Mount Bromo Tengger Semeru

Mount Bromo is known as a high cool escape to watch beautiful sunrise. Wake up early in the morning, then climb up Mount Penanjakan on a 4WD Jeep to witness the spectacular sunset with a picturesque range of mountains covered by clouds, is the beginning of your adventure. Then go down to Cemoro Lawang, driving pass the Tengger sea of sand to the Hindu Temple just below Mt. Bromo crater. You will see people riding horse on your sides. Going up the stairs to the mount Bromo crater and see the smokey crater. Look down and you will see the misty sand of the sea.

Available Mount Bromo Tour Packages

Bali Ijen Bromo

Surabaya Bromo

(If you are not keen of long overland trip, alternatively you can join flights from Jakarta, Yogyakarta and Bali to Surabaya. Singapore Airline, SilkAir and Lion Air serves flights from Singapore to Surabaya)


Bromo is located at Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, the only conservation area in Indonesia that has a sea of sand (lautan pasir). The national park is named after its two mountains, Semeru (the highest in Java) and Bromo (the most popular), and the Tengger people who inhabit the area. The park also includes large areas, which are very lush, fed by rivers from the high tops. The medium elevations are clad with much thinner forest before this gives way to the barren plateau and peaks.

This unique feature covers a total area of 5,250 hectares at an altitude of about 2,100 m asl. Beneath the sand sea, seven eruption centers have been found along two intersecting lines, one from east to west and the other from northeast to southwest. From this northeast-southwest line emerged Mt. Bromo, an active volcano which intermittently emits smoke and ash, and is an ever-present threat to the lives of some 3,500 people living below.

The crater of Mt. Bromo has a diameter of about 800m from north to south and 600m from east to west. Most of the area within a radius of 4km from the crater centre is considered hazardous.

Mount Bromo (2,329 m) is easily recognized as the entire top has been blown off and the crater inside constantly belches white sulphurous smoke. It sits inside the massive Tengger caldera (diameter approximately 10 km), surrounded by the Laut Pasir (Sea of Sand) of fine volcanic sand. The overall effect is unsettlingly unearthly, especially when compared to the lush green valleys all around the caldera.

The major access point is Cemoro Lawang at the northeastern edge of the caldera, but there are also trails from Tosari (northwest) and Ngadas (southwest). The village of Ngadisari, on the road from Probolinggo about 5.5 km before Cemoro Lawang, marks the entrance to the national park. Both Cemoro Lawang and Ngadisari are rather picturesque, with brightly-painted houses and flower beds outside.

The Tenggerese people that live around the Park are indigenous to the area and adhere to ancient Hindu beliefs. According to legend, the ancestors of the tribe were members of the Majapahit kingdom who went into exile. Strangely, despite being aware of the potential dangers of Mt. Bromo, the local people seem unafraid. The same goes for the visitors who come to the Park in great numbers, particularly around the time of the “Upacara Kasodo”.

The Upacara Kasodo (Kasodo Ceremony) is held every year (December/January) at the full moon. Through this ceremony, the Tenggerese invoke the blessings of the deities to ensure an abundant harvest, to be spared from calamity and to be cured of various diseases. To earn such blessings, they climb down the sides of the crater to catch the offerings thrown into the crater by other members of the community above. The scramble for possession of the ‘sacrifices’ is at once a gripping, but terrifying sight: it is not uncommon for some of the participants to tumble down to the crater’s floor.

Mount Semeru also known as Mahameru (“Great Mountain”), is one of Indonesia’s most active volcanoes. What stands out most about this mountain is the fact that it erupts periodically (and very reliably so). Every 20 min or so, the volcano belches out a huge cloud of steam and smoke, sometimes interspersed with ash and stones. Climbing Mount Semeru requires some planning and a permit from the national park authority. The mountain is often closed due to its highly active nature.

Late afternoon go to Cemoro Lawang area then continue to Mt. Bromo by riding horse. Climb up the hundreds of steps to the smokey crater of Mt. Bromo where during Kasodo ceremony, hundreds of people bravely go down to the crater catching the offering. Do not forget to visit the Hindu Temple on the way back. Enjoy the sunset time at Cemoro Lawang.

4.00am early in the morning a 4WD Jeep may pick you up to either sunset point or Mt. Penanjakan. From here you can see the orange horizon splashing between the mountains.

Mount Bromo Tour Activities

Go down to Cemoro Lawang and Tengger sea sand to the east.

Visit Pasir Berbisik area (an area used for a film making), Teletubies hills, and Jamplang on the Tengger Sea of Sand

Go up to Ranu Pane district on 4WD Jeep and sea the beautiful view on rear

Visit Ranu Pane (Lake) and Ranu Pergulo (Lake) with a background of Mount Semeru, this is the last shelter

Visiting Mount Semeru takes 2 days from early morning – you will see Ranu Kumbolo (Lake), Kalimati (Dead River) and Top of Mt. Semeru. Climbing up to the top at 2am, and should be going down from top at 7am to avoid the deadly gas.

Java Banana Accommodation About 7km from Cemoro Lawang (the entrance to Mount Bromo). It is a deluxe accommodation with some villas and comfortable facilities.

Bromo Permai Just a few step to Cemoro Lawang. There are some standard accommodation as well as cottage style with two bedroom. The restaurant open almost 24hrs and it has easy access to everywhere.

Lava View Next to Bromo Permai with partial view of Mount Bromo. This is a deluxe accommodation, some of them are set with two storey.

Bromo Cottage