G-Land & Alas Purwa NP
Alas Purwo National Park is situated on Blambangan Peninsula in Banyuwangi regency, at the southeastern tip of East Java province. The park is famous for its wild bull and surf location at Grajagan Bay. “Alas” forest or ancient forest, and “Purwa” is the beginning – in accordance with a Javanese legend says that the earth first emerged from the ocean here. Until this time, Alas Purwo is one of the virgin jungle in Java.
Given more than 700 species of vegetation formations, it has high diversity. Distinctive and endemic plants in the Park are small sapodilla or sawo kecik (Manilkara kauki). Besides the plants are often found ketapang (Terminalia catapa), nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum), bulging (Sterculia foetida), keben (Barringtonia asiatica), and 10 species of bamboo.
Beside rich in flora species, Alas Purwo National Park is also rich in fauna species, both class of mammals, aves and herpetofauna (reptiles and amphibians). There are 46 species of mammals in the National Park Alas Purwo. Several types of mammals found in the region TNAP are banteng (Bos javanicus), deer (Cervus timorensis), ajag (Cuon alpinus), wild boar (Sus scrofa), deer (Muntiacus muntjak), leopard (Panthera pardus), langur (Tracypithecus auratus), long-tailed monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), jelarang (Ratufa bicolor), Rase (Vivericula malaccensis), otters (Prionodon otters), mongoose (Paradoxurus hermaprhoditus), mongoose (Herpestes javanicus) and cats (Felis bengalensis).
For Aves class there are 271 species of birds. Some birds are easily seen among white-belly sea eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster), snake bido eagle (Spilornis cheela), green jungle fowl (Galus varius), red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus), little egret (Egreta garzeta), stuck jungle ( Cairina scutulata), rhinoceros hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros), green peacock (Pavo muticus), Dara crested sea (Sterna bergii) and cekakak Java (Halcyon cyanoventris).
Herpetofauna consists of classes of amphibians and reptiles. Recently there are 64 types of herpetofauna recorded comprising 15 species of amphibians and 46 species of reptiles. Among the species found there are 6 species of reptiles are protected turtle cracked / gray (Lepidochelys olivacea), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata), leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea), the gray monitor lizard (Varanus nebulosus ) and bodo python (Python molurus).
There are many objects location and attractions in the park, including some unique and potentially shore as waves suitable for surfing sports, where turtle nesting beaches, white sand beaches, coral reefs and lagoons teeming with migratory birds in season- particular season.
Plengkung, located in the southern part of the National Park Alas Purwo has been recognized by the world surfers as G-Land. The word “G-land” means the the location is in Grajagan bay and the location looks a-like the letter “G”. And, Plengkung is close from a stretch of tropical rainforest which is always green (Green-land). Plengkung is one of the world’s best location for surfing and is comparable to those in Hawaii, Australia, and South Africa.
Communities around the national park shows the “Blambangan” culture. They strongly believe that the Alas Purwo National Park is the last stop of Majapahit people who stay away from Mataram invasion, and it is believe that in the forest there is a kris Sumelang Gandring.
Therefore, it is not surprising that a lot of people who do semedhi or religious ceremony at the Palace Padepokan and Goa. Around the entrance to the national park (Rowobendo) are relics of history in the form of “Pura Agung” which became the Hindu ceremony is Pagerwesi. The ceremony is held each term of 210 days.
The name of Trianggulasi is taken from a point in the measurement and mapping which is located ± 500 from the north shore. Trianggulasi is one of the beaches that have a coastal forest formations are still incomplete, dominated by nyampung tree (Calophyllum inophyllum), punch (Baringtonia asiatica) and sea pandan (Pandanus tectorius). Conditions white sandy beaches, usually in April-November used by four species of sea turtles that exist in Alas Purwo to spawn (leatherback, hawksbill, green and gray). Another panorama that can be enjoyed such as sunset and pengematan other animals, just as the gray apes, monkeys, squirrels, squirrels, raccoons, deer, antelope, wild boar, and lizards.
Used for herding (feeding ground) made of ± 80 Ha. In the tower there Sadengan view to see the attraction of grazing animals, such as the banteng (Bos javanicus), deer (Muntiacus muntjak), deer (Cervus timorensis), wild boar (Sus scrofa), green peacock (Pavo muticus) and various species of birds other. If you are lucky, you will be able to direct menyeksinkan Invite (Cuon alpinus) across or sometimes trying to prey on deer in the meadow.
Best observation time is at 06:00 to 09:00 and 15:00 to 18:00 pm even though the day may be observed. Visitors can use a four-wheeled vehicle / two-headed parking area is provided so as not to disturb the wildlife that is in pasture.
PURA LUHUR GIRI SALAKA
Hindus worship place, located at the entrance to the Triangulation. This temple is one of the heritage temple that is still used by Hindus for religious events Pager Wesi the ceremony held once every 210 days. The event is the ceremonial sacred science repellent rescue giant threat to the human race descended from the gods. During the ceremony there was a procession called Palemahan the throw offerings into the ground to be eaten by a giant Betarakala. Pawongan the Hindu ritual sign of gratitude to the Lord who has given science
Ngagelan a turtle hatchery where a natural spring. Is one of the landing sites and nesting turtles 4 of 6 species in Indonesia, namely: turtle cracked / gray (Lepidochelys olivaceae), hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata), leatherback (Dermochelys coreacea) and green turtle (Chelonia mydas) . If you look directly berkeingingan turtles are nesting, you can mengiktui officers patrolling search eggs at night. Peak or landing season usually occurs during May to September. In the months almost every night we could see turtles are landing to lay eggs.
Ngagelan a center-pemelihan hatchling turtle hatchlings or chicks hatch, the hatchlings would most directly diplepasliarkan to the beach while the rest kept for several months for the purposes of research and attractions liaran release. If you want to do the release, please see the schedule below for certainty hatching time.
Mangrove forest area in Bedul is the largest mangrove forest remaining in Java. The beauty of this location of forest integrity and naturalness mangove there and be a place to find food and breed some sort of water birds (herons vats, pecuk snakes, Sandpipers, king prawns and others) as well as several types of migratory birds.
Additionally Bedul is one place that allows people to search for clams, shrimp, crabs and fish that are there by using traditional fishing gear so that the activity is one of the tourist attractions in Bedul.
In the development of Block Bedul, Alas Purwo National Park Authority in cooperation with the Village Sumbersari based on “Development of Nature Limited Block Bedul”. Development of tourism Block Bedul directed to environmental type (ecotourism), which emphasizes the principles of conservation. Currently there are several packages offered for mangrove down premises using traditional boats of the local population. The packets are antatra other down and explore the mangroves at the site Kere, along mangrove and enjoy the birds and the water in the area Cungur Down mangrove and see turtles hatching on Ngagelan pempat. There are also package along mangrove canoe provided by the Rural Resources Asri
Cungur a coastal region of western Alas Purwo National Park. Cungur region is coastal forest land is only limited by the tidal influence of sea water from the Indian Ocean to the mouth of the river Segoro Puppies. Cungur coastal ecosystems typical of lowland forest, coastal forest, and the forest Mangroove. This location is often used as a habitat for water birds for breeding and foraging, even often crossed annually and is visited by several species of migratory birds with considerable amounts. Noted as much as ± 39 bird species found in this region.
Cungur often used as objects and natural tourist attraction by visitors to the National Park Alas Purwo to perform activities like birdwatching, photography, scenery and forth. The bird lovers, photographers and researchers often visit the area to take advantage of natural attractions such as the presence of wild migratory birds that come every year, sunset views of the beach in the afternoon, and running fishing boats resting in the harbor Grajagan.
Named Pancur because there is a river that flows throughout the year to the sea via a rather steep coast to form shower. The tourism potential in Pancur is Panorama evening (sunset), Mammal Watching and Jungle Tracking. In Pancur camping ground are also commonly used for camping. Two miles north Pancur are sacred cave used as a religious tourism by the public, namely Goa Sunrise Palace and Spring are very famous among the supernatural. Not far from there Pancur black coral (dead coral) are better known as Parang Ireng, has a sand beach with the big so-called sand shot.
Plengkung has unique characteristics with very good waves for surfing sports. According to the surfers, the waves on the big 3 best Plengkung world and until now has 4 times being used as an international event. Currently in Plengkung there are 3 (three) nature tourism entrepreneurs that provides surf tour packages that come with accommodation facilities.
Plengkung coastal state that limits the tidal reaches ± 1 km of coastline on the basis of a flat of dead coral coast caused abrasion. On the western coast of Plengkung about 1.2 km from the coast there are fault lines that make up the sea floor trenches, Besides, there are rock walls within ± 600 meters from the shoreline surrounding the Southern part Alas Purwo National Park.
The existence of trenches and rock walls resulted in the underwater currents and hit a rock wall that forms a huge tidal wave with a height between 6-7 feet. Large ocean waves with a length of 1-2 km and multilayered excellent for surfing sports. 6-7 layers of waves are often seen in Plengkung especially between the months of June-July. The surfer named each type of waves with the name: Kong, Money trees, launching pad, Speedy, Chicken break, Twenty-twenty and Tiger track. Height and length and wave layer depends whether or not the West to the sea breeze. Surfing activities are usually carried out between the months of March to October.
Gandrung tomb, is the first object that can be reached in the area of Cape Sembulungan. Located on the west coast of Cape Sembulungan, this tourist area within ± 2 km from Port Muncar to the southeast. The beach at the Tomb Gandrung white sand mixed with pebbles along the ± 100 m to the sea is relatively calm, so that the boat can be docked easily and safely. At this location there are two tombs infatuated resting place of the famous dancer from Banyuwangi. Usually Muncar and surrounding communities the majority of fishermen send prayer (salvation) in order to receive the blessings of abundant fish catches.
Besides the 15th of Muharram every year in the Tomb Gandrung this traditional ceremony “Pick the Sea”, the event organized by the fishermen as a greeting Muncar gratitude to God Almighty on the dilimpahkannya fortune. And the “Gitik” the release offerings into the ocean continued pilgrimage to the tomb of Gandrung followed by fishermen and enlivened by dancers infatuated.
Alas Purwo National Park area has many caves, and so far 44 pieces terdidentifikasi cave. Goa Tourism contained in the National Park Alas Purwo include Palace Goa, Goa Mayangkoro, Padepokan, Goa and Goa Basori Japan. In these caves is a ritual activities (meditation) and the habitat of bats and snakes. Also still there is one cave that is a relic of the Nation of Japan The Japanese once used by colonial days is called “Cave of Japan” in the form of equipment used in the war as cannon. Meanwhile, in the spring there is the Palace Goa named Spring Sunset whose waters are believed to make people young.
BANYUBIRU BAY (SLENGGRONG)
This area is characterized by a basin that juts into the mainland coast and the water blue and calm. The bay is separated by a small promontory with Perpat region. In this Banyubiru bay activity, diving, water skiing, swimming, and boating kanoing do. With the distraction and butterflyfish butterflyfish kambang step, water sports activities in the region became more enjoy and mengasikkan.
White sandy beaches, monkeys, sea eagles can be interesting distraction while resting along the coast were covered by grass (seaweed). Activities encompass fish can also be done, as the region according to the fishermen are fishing bag. “The fish that comes will not go again, because of the blue color of the water and the waters are calm.” In the middle, there is a river (sunglon) that there is a knob beside land which is often referred to as Legon. In this Legon relatively calm waters and can be used to rest on the boat without fear of being exposed to shock waves great.
Located to the south of Cape Coast Sembulungan Bali Strait. White sand mixed with coral, because it is not choppy bay and can be used for bathing and harmless. Aking Wood is a location with bumps rock that juts into the sea, so that in this location to do activities of special interest is fishing.
This location can be reached from two directions, by sea from Southeast direction Muncar ± 5 km. To which can be reached by road motorcycle ride through the trail of the Office of Central TN Alas Purwo Anyar Market towards the north-east is about 7 km. Passing Feeding Ground Sembulungan there is lots of birds. Bird species include: cuckoo, black starlings, starlings Uren, green cucak, orioles and others. As well as several species of mammals including: deer, wild boar and monkeys gray relatively small.
Located south Payaman, is ± 5-10 km from Payaman, accessible only by sea from Muncar using boats for ± 2 hours. Perpat have a calm sea and not bumpy. This area is often used as a stopover bay boat when the weather makes it impossible to continue the journey from Bali Strait heading to Port Muncar. This area is characterized by Perpat tree (Bruguiera sp.) Were included in the mangrove.
With a nice coral reef, beach Perpat can be used as a location for snorkeling and diving are challenging to be supported by the coral is still relatively intact. In addition to the white sandy beaches are soft and long? 2 km, can be used as a distraction when activity in the waters of experiencing burnout. to the middle of the waters, weather permitting frequently encountered groups of dolphins that swim in groups and swirling waters in search of food.
Bedul (Segoro Children) – Grajagan – Cungur
Bedul – Kere
This activity is good done in the morning and evening to enjoy the beautiful panorama of mangrove forest and feel the cool air along Segoro children. Also in Cungur can be found many kinds of water birds are looking for food as well as migratory birds in May-July (Current Australian winter). In the area of Kere can be done while using a canoe down the creek while enjoying various types of mangrove plants that exist there.
Sadengan – Ngagelan
Tourism activities in Sadengan good done in the morning or late afternoon when many animals are looking for food in the Feeding Ground Sadengan among others such as Bull, Deer, Deer, Boar and other types of birds. And in September-November can be seen the beauty of dance in peacock which is the mating season for peacocks in Alas Purwo TN.
TREKKING (JUNGLE TREK)
Pancur – Sadengan – Rowobendo
Pancur – Sadengan – Goa Basori
Pasaranyar – Watu Broke – Perpat
Pancur – Plengkung – Pondok Waru
This activity is carried out on a nice morning – late afternoon by tracing the paths that exist in the forest area. This activity is great for visitors who have an adventurous spirit can feel the beauty of nature since the TNAP with direct entry in it. In addition to the morning and afternoon are common variety of bird species, long-tailed monkeys, langur, wild boar and deer.
Trianggulasi – Ngagelan – Bedul
Trianggulasi – Pura Giri Salaka – Rowobendo
Trianggulasi – Pancur – Plengkung
This activity is carried good morning – late afternoon by tracing the main road in the area Alas Purwo TN. Activities should use a bicycle that has wheels were a bit rough due to some terrain that has taken a bit of a bumpy road conditions.
Trianggulasi – Singing Bird Line – Sunglon Ombo – Coast
This activity is carried out in the morning and good afternoon an active time for birds. This activity is done by tracing the paths of birds chirping which is the path that is in TN Alas Purwo.
CHARM BEACH LANE
Trianggulasi – Pancur – Plengkung
Trianggulasi – Ngagelan – Cungur
Muncar – Sembulungan – Perpat
Perpat – Tanjung Pasir – Pondok Waru
This activity is great for visitors panoramic beach lovers. Because it is done by walking along the beach searching Alas Purwo TN region. This activity is good implemented early this afternoon, but it is advised to bring a hat because of the heat during the day. In the mornings visitors can enjoy the sunrise and sunset in the evening.
Divine Temple Salaka Giri. Pancur – Palace Goa – Goa Mayangkoro – Padepokan.
For visitors who want to follow the Divine Temple ritual in Salaka Giri, should come in the months and the Hindu holy month of Suro. In addition there Wesi Paging ceremony held once every 210 days in the Divine Temple Salaka Giri. Meanwhile, to visit caves can be done anytime.
TOURISM CULTURE AND HISTORY
Muncar – Sembulungan (Tomb Gandrung, Goa Japan). For visitors who want to see cultural tourism activities should be conducted on the 15th of Muharram every year in the Tomb Gandrung because traditional ceremony “Pick the Sea”, the event organized by the fishermen as a greeting Muncar gratitude to God Almighty on the dilimpahkannya fortune. And after the show finished picking sea can proceed with visiting Japanese Cave as one of Japanese heritage.
Plengkung beach. Plengkung beach tourism activities in the surf. For visitors who want to come to Plengkung preferably in March to October because of the condition of the waves were big and nice. Visitors should also be visited through the surf tour company provided there is PT Wanasari Pramudita Ananta, PT wanawisata Plengkung Biodiversity and PT Indah Travel.
Fishing in Alas Purwo National Park can be distinguished based on the techniques used are:
1. Casting is a fishing technique by throwing a hook with artificial bait (lure). After a while the bait is pulled slowly so that it looks berlengang-lengok. Bait fish will think it’s prey and started pecking. Suitable location using this technique, namely Tanjung Sembulungan, Perpat, Slenggrong, Tanjung Pasir, cottage Waru, Jajang and Kucur Lama.
2. Popping is a fishing technique using artificial lures called poppers. At a certain distance so that the bait is pulled to move on the surface of the water while causing splashes inviting predators. This technique is commonly used for surface fishing. Suitable location using this technique are Pancur, Ireng Parang, Plengkung, gedek Parang, cottage Waru, Pecelengan and Ship Broke. Fish that became the target of GT (Giant Trevally), barracuda and Spanish mackerel.
3. Jigging is a fishing technique using jigs. Usually used for fishing in depth (base). Left hook up to or close to the base and retractable water to fish closer. Suitable location using this technique are well Tong, Tanjung Batu, Slenggrong and Perpat. Fish that became the target of red snapper, grouper, tuna.